Steel benefits and usage are so many, as these scaffolds are widely used among the others. There have so many types in the scaffolding material, which is used for temporary access for the work. Which is lightweight and can be moved and discharged accordingly much easy, where its installation process doesn’t take much time, which can be done quickly. These scaffolds as placed on the wall by attaching it towards it, which gives the worker complete support as weight loads like motors, cement blocks, or any other material can be easily lifted over heights. Especially in construction workspace, it's used for loading weight purposes in most generally, in which the worker also possibly sit and work adjustable. For primary purposes, there have self-supporting scaffolds accordingly, in which only one person can work at a time. Steel is available with its rolling stand as well, which makes the scaffolds move much easier. As the scaffold materials are used for temporary purposes, the user can be used by rented or hired from the supplier if the user doesn’t want to purchase it. As many scaffolds materials and products are available for renting as well, at affordable prices. As scaffolding is used to work at heights at the maximum, so it must be designed accordingly as per following safety regulations to reduce risk hazards. Most of the recent surveys over the content show that a major percentage of accidents that occur in building construction industries are directly or indirectly. So, in this case, the scaffolding supplier and the contractor must design and manufacture their product with safeguard and proving complete safety for the worker to work, the workers must perform their duties at height with the utmost care and safety. For achieving the scaffold design model, the high-quality materials must be used for making the steel scaffolding structure.
There have so many types of steel scaffolding whereby depending on the type of construction and its requirements product for the user to meet various workspace, the steel scaffolding structure varies. However, these are the types which are the types of scaffolding used in the construction industry:
The cantilever is the most used scaffold, in which the ground surface of this conventional scaffolding is not suitable for setting up in the ground. Cantilever Scaffolding is highly effective when dealing with construction or repairs, maintenance which is used to reach the great height, or when the project has space constraints.
Trestle Scaffolding is lightweight, which can be easily movable, that is used up to a height range of 6 m. They have wheels which can be fitted and can be transferred or moved from one place to another very easily. These scaffolds are used for light-duty works which are normally for indoor works.
Single Scaffolds are used where only one person can work at a time. Which is used much rarely as its space is narrow and vertical members are fixed into the ground parallel to the structure. However, this type of single scaffolding is used for building construction and maintenance.
Double scaffolds are much effective as 2 to 3 workers can be worked at the time, which is mostly used and stronger than single scaffolding. This gives a wider structure platform, as it helps the worker to work comfortably also where it's used for loading materials. Double Scaffolding is commonly used in stone masonry.
Suspended scaffolding is suspended using strong ropes or chains from overhead structures. This type of scaffolds is used for repairing works and painting, which to work overhead platform, as suspended scaffolding gives a greater range of mobility as it can be adjustable over the required heights and can be easily discharged after use.
As the design of the scaffolding must be involved and manufactured with the safety concern of working professionals. The scaffold design should consider the following:
• The supporting structure must be sufficient in strength, durability, stability, adjustable and rigidity;
• The person safety must be associated with the erection, alteration, and dismantling of the scaffold;